Various types of microphones

Because of their non-directional design and zero rejection, these mics capture nuances better, resulting in a more natural sound. Final thought Of course, just like anything to do with music, there is no hard and fast rule to recording techniques. The audio signal generated by a moving coil within a magnetic field makes this type of mic less sensitive to sound pressure levels and high frequencies which means they can take more punishment.

They tend to have a slightly fuller and warm sound similar to large diaphragms while retaining some of the high frequency content that small diaphragms could. Diaphragm size, that is.

If you are going for a more vintage sounding vocal recording, use ribbon mics or go for good old dynamic mics instead. Through preventing the accidental pick-up of output sound, feedback can be minimalized with the right type of microphone and suitable polar pattern.

As the surface moves, the pattern of its movement is translated into the electric sound signal. Particularly with PA systems, many instruments will often be played together on a stage, so it is necessary to have a good understanding of directionality. Small Diaphragm Mics with small diaphragms are commonly called pencil mics because of their thin cylindrical shapes.

Ambient miking, placing the mic at a distance from the sound source, requires a highly sensitive microphone, although choosing a directional mic for this purpose would undermine the purpose of this method somewhat, as it is designed to provide a broad, natural mix of the sound source.

The cardioid patterns are extremely popular and versatile. And finally, Figure 8. These can also be mixed and matched with large diaphragm microphones to pick up the brighter sounds that a large diaphragm microphone might not pay attention to. The sound and volume levels of acoustic instruments widely vary from electric instruments, and these, in turn also vary greatly with the characteristics of the human voice.

They are essentially like omni directional mics, but with sound rejection on two sides. These type of instruments require the fidelity and quality of large diaphragm condenser mics.

Electric Guitar Amplifier Close mic'd guitar amplifiers are as loud, sometimes louder than drum kits, and as such they require mics that can handle high SPL.

The Different Types Of Mics And Their Uses

Unlike small diaphragms that are stiff, large diaphragms move easily, allowing them to detect even faint differences in sound pressure levels which result in a more transparent and natural sound. They tend to have a slightly fuller and warm sound similar to large diaphragms while retaining some of the high-frequency content that small diaphragms are known for capturing.

Condenser microphones would not be your best bet when recording an extremely loud guitar amp. Medium Diaphragm Medium Diaphragm mics are sometimes called hybrid because they combine the characteristics of small and large diaphragms. Of all the microphones on this list, ribbon mics are the ONLY ones that are neither dynamic nor condenser.

They get their OWN special category because: Rather than using a diaphragm, they use a thin aluminum ribbon to capture sound. As mentioned above, this microphone type has no directionality. "Omni" mics are used to pick up all or wide range audio.

For example, they are used for choirs, when many instruments are played at once, or to pick up all audio on the stage. The most common microphones and their uses. When it comes to recording guitars, drums vocals and other acoustic instruments at home or in the studio, you’ll want the best sound possible and at all times.

The Different Types of Microphone Learn about the different types of microphones and their uses. Tell your cardioid from your hypercardioid in our ultimate guide to microphones.

Microphones are tools. Some do some things, some do others, some do some things well and others the same but not as well.

10 Types of Microphones

There are a few great overall mics to have but there’s a reason for the wide array – depends on the job. First a word on patterns.

There are 4 main types of microphones: cardioid, super cardioid, omni and figure 8. I can answer that question by teaching you the types of microphones and their different uses in the studio and on stage.

The 3 most common are Dynamics, Condensers, and Ribbon microphones. The first one, and type that you are probably already familiar with is a dynamic microphone.

Various types of microphones
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The Types Of Microphones And When To Use Them | Sessionville